1) Mispar Nochechut. One word describing how you are feeling now.
2) Two sentences: Share a story from an experience where you felt religiously inspired. Give everyone 2 minutes to write down 2-3 sentences then share. (Either everyone or take a few volunteers).
Process- What was similar about our stories? What was different?
"אז ישיר משה ובני ישראל"- The Torah describes that the Shirat HaYam was recited by Moshe and the Jewish people. The gemara in Sota brings three different opinions as to how the Jewish people participated in reciting the Shira.
§ The Sages taught: On that same day Rabbi Akiva taught that at the time that the Jewish people ascended from the split sea they set their eyes on reciting a song of gratitude to God. And how did they recite the song? In the same manner as an adult man reciting hallel on behalf of a congregation, as his reading enables all who hear to fulfill their obligation, and the congregation listening merely recite after him the chapter headings of hallel. So too, by the sea, Moses said: “I will sing unto the Lord” (Exodus 15:1), and the people said after Moses: “I will sing unto the Lord.” Moses continued and said: “For He is highly exalted” (Exodus 15:1), and they said once again the chapter heading: “I will sing unto the Lord.”
Rabbi Eliezer, son of Rabbi Yosei HaGelili, says: The Jewish people sang just like a minor boy reciting hallel and the congregation who hear him repeat after him all that he says, word for word, as hearing the recital of a minor is insufficient for fulfilling one’s obligation. So too, by the sea, Moses said: “I will sing unto the Lord” (Exodus 15:1), and the people said after Moses: “I will sing to the Lord.” Moses said: “For He is highly exalted,” and they said after him the same words: “For He is highly exalted.”
Rabbi Neḥemya says: They sang the song of the sea like a scribe, a cantor, who recites aloud the introductory prayers and blessings before Shema in the synagogue; as he begins by saying the first words of the blessing, and they repeat after him the initial words and continue reciting the rest of Shema together with him in unison. So too, in the song of the sea, Moses began and then everyone recited the entire song together with him.
תנו רבנן בו ביום דרש רבי עקיבא בשעה שעלו ישראל מן הים נתנו עיניהם לומר שירה וכיצד אמרו שירה
כגדול המקרא את הלל והן עונין אחריו ראשי פרקים משה אמר אשירה לה׳ והן אומרים אשירה לה׳ משה אמר כי גאה גאה והן אומרים אשירה לה׳
רבי אליעזר בנו של רבי יוסי הגלילי אומר כקטן המקרא את הלל והן עונין אחריו כל מה שהוא אומר משה אמר אשירה לה׳ והן אומרים אשירה לה׳ משה אמר כי גאה גאה והן אומרים כי גאה גאה
רבי נחמיה אומר כסופר הפורס על שמע בבית הכנסת שהוא פותח תחילה והן עונין אחריו
1 - R’ Akiva: Allow yourself to be inspired by the gadlut/model/teacher of Moshe Rabbeinu, attach yourself to his words and his experience.
2 - R’ Eliezer: Mimic the gadol/role model/teacher. By copying their actions or words you end up appreciating the experience on your own but in a deeper way. You latch on to the depth of their experience and try to mimic it – perhaps translating it to your own experience.
3- Allow the gadol/role model/teacher to open but once they start everyone jointly contributes to the experience. Moshe’s role is to draw out the experience and expression of the people. He just needs to get them started but they have what to share.]
What does each opinion say? What role did Moshe play and what role did the Jewish people play according to each opinion?